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Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Seminole Indians, Illustrations

 Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian, 1883-'84.
 Seminole Dwelling
 Old Map of Florida, with Seminole Settlements

 Seminole Man's Costume

 "Key West Billy"

 Seminole Woman's Costume

Seminole Manner of Wearing Hair, for Men 

Seminole Manner of Piercing Ears 

Seminole Baby Cradle or Hammock 

Seminole Lullabye 

Seminole Temporary Dwelling 

Seminole Sugar Cane Crusher Device 

Koonti Processing Industry 

Koonti Strainer (a woven fabric at top strains the Koonti liquid into a deer hide below).  

Seminole Mortar and Pestle 

Seminole Deer Hide Stretcher 

 Seminole Men's Drinking Song

Seminole Bier 

Seminole Grave 

Layout for a Seminole Green Corn Dance
For the people who ignorantly insist that Native Americans were rarely or never enslaved by Europeans:

"Hundreds of thousands of Indians already called Florida home when Europeans first arrived in the early 16th century. But it did not take long for the ensuing wars, slave trade and European diseases to nearly wipe out the aboriginal population.

"When European ships first landed on Florida in the 16th century, the area was well populated. Indians of the Timucua, Apalachee, Ais, Tekesta and Calusa were farming rich lands in the north -- growing corn, beans and squash -- and fishing or hunting for most of their food in the south.

Storing their Crops
"Locations near reliable food sources with fresh water, comfortable microclimate and high, dry ground made good habitat for these Indians. Fresh and brackish bodies of water supplied steady sources of fish and shellfish, while fertile soils allowed farming to prosper.
"Florida's aboriginal population of about 100,000 was nearly decimated by exposure to deadly diseases that were brought to Florida by European settlers. Smallpox, measles, influenza, even the common cold were deadly to Indians.

"Of course, wars with Spain and other Europeans contributed to the near extinction of early Indians of Florida.
"The slave trade -- Florida Indians were taken as slaves as early as 1520 -- also helped kill off the aboriginal population."
Chief Osceola (My Middle School ie Jr. High School's namesake), Warrior
Chief Micanopy (namesake of a nice little Florida town, between Ocala and Gainesville)
Chief Nea-Math-La advised his people to resist Removal.
Chief Billy Bowlegs also resisted Removal.
This site is a goldmine of information.
Nice blog.

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