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Saturday, March 9, 2013

Denman Surname Facts from Various Archives

"Denman" is 4,827th most popular name in the U.S.
  • 72 year average lifespan
  • National Average: 75

    Isaiah Cranfield Denman
    9-2-20.C Registrar's Report ~ P.M.G.O Form 1 (Red) ~ serial # 473 ~ order # a206
    Registered for the Draft, WWI, by the Local Board, County of Marion, State of Florida: 9-12-1918
    Residence:  Reddick, Marion County, Florida
    Birth Date:  June 27, 1878  ~  Age:  40
    Race:  White  ~  Citizenship:  Native-born American
    Occupation:  Manager, Lime Barrel Plant
    Employer:  Commercial Lime &(?)  ~  Company Address:  Ocala, Marion County, Florida
    Wife:  Lilly Virginia Denman  ~   Residence:  Reddick, Marion County, Florida
    Physical Description of Registrant:  Tall, Medium build, Gray eyes, Black hair, no disabilities
    Close-up of the front of the card (couldn't get a good close-up of the back)
    Original card, as presented in the Archives
    I learned a lot about my great-grandfather, Isaiah, from this record.  I learned that he was probably a fairly nice-looking, healthy, and intelligent man (not surprisingly, lol); and I now know what the "V" in his wife's name stands for:  Virginia.
    Equally significant, in my opinion, is the fact that several of the Denmans whom I know to have served in the military (like James Denman, William C. Denman, and my father, Leon C. Denman)... are nowhere to be found on these archives.  I suppose I should feel very fortunate to have found Isaiah there.
    Some early Ocala business history.
    "The country tributary to Ocala is chiefly an agricultural district, with some timber.  Trucking is the principal industry outside the town.  The principal industries of Ocala include large crate mills, a barrel factory, novelty works, several lime plants, stone crushers, a cotton gin, a knitting mill, a wagon works, fruit and vegetable packing houses, lumber yards, and wholesale grocery and general produce houses.  The principal items of outgoing freight are citrus fruits, vegetables, and lumber and naval stores..."  (Preliminary Examination for a Canal from Silver Springs to Ocala, FLA.)
    "He became interested in the lime business in 1892, buying kilns at Lowell.  In 1897 he added the old Ocala Lime Company at Ocala, and in 1900 the kilns at Oakhurst.  From small beginnings and from run down plants he has built up to a present capacity of five hundred barrels of lime a day, and in February 1907, organized the Florida Lime Company with $60,000 capital paid in, and is practically the owner of all the stock.
    "The lime business drew him into the making of barrels and the barrels used for the lime are made in his own plants by competent coopers."
    (From a biography of John Michael Meffert)
    So, it is quite apparent that Isaiah Denman was employed in the manufacture of barrels for the lime industry.  He was also reputed to have been a very accomplished musician, who could play practically any instrument at his disposal.  That to me suggests that he had a natural ear for music.
    The following is from
    Baron Denman of Dovedale... not sure what, if any, real relationship there.

    I notice subtle stylistic differences in the depictions of the coat of arms.  I like to compare them with the one that is associated with our branch of the family.
    Don't know what the precise relationship is to this man, a prominent physician in his day, but probably at least some distant connection.
    The History of Retford, in the County of Nottingham, by John S. Piercy, c1828
    So, the Denmans (and also another ancient family, the Eyres) was still residing in Retford, even in 1828, when this book was published.
    1548:  Thomas Wright, freemason, and Vicus Weston, both of East Retford, granted to John Hercy, Esquire of Grove, Nicholas Denman, Esquire, Charles Denman, Gentleman, Humphrey Denney, Gentleman, Robert Golland, John Wadsone, Nicholas Wilson, and John Thackerow, Vicar, such property as they were possessed of in East Retford.
    Ok, it was Nicholas Denman who was the ancestor of Lady Anne Hyde, the royal consort (ie wife) of James II (Duke of York).
    Nicholas Denman married Anne Hercy; their son, Reverend Francis Denman, married Anne Blount; then their daughter, Anne Denman, married Sir Thomas Aylesbury, 1st Baronet; their daughter, Frances Aylesbury, married Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon; their daughter was Lady Anne Hyde.
    East Retford Church
    This church was also called the "Corporation" church, to distinguish it from the West Retford church.  It was built in Gothic style, and parts of the structure date back to the Norman era.  The tower held six bells.  The church was so old, it had to be completely rebuilt, in 1528.
    "Johannes Denman, Armiger, qui obit 16 November, Anno Domini 1517. Cujus animae propietur Deus, Amen."

    Translated (roughly):  "John Denman, Knight; died 16 November, 1517.  May his spirit return to God, Amen."

    His memorial stone is found inside the East Retford Church.
    The Baptismal Font of the East Retford Church.

    The Retford Town Seal
    The Broad Stone of Retford
    The Broad Stone was located outdoors in the town square or market place, and is where crops of corn were auctioned or sold.  This ancient stone was probably the original assemblage point for community public worship, and was relocated from its original situation somewhere in the southeast part of town, called the "Est-croc-sic" ("Domine Cross")... "Another stone exactly of the same form and dimensions, is to be observed in the churchyard wall at West Retford, which (like the Broad Stone) formerly occupied a place on an elevated piece of ground, near the road leading to Barnaby Moor, in West Retford field:  here too, it is probable, a market was held, under circumstances similar to those above narrated (ie. during times of Black Plague).
    Retford Town Hall

    A Collection of Retford Artifacts ~ Belonging to "Mr. Hudson"
    1) Ancient Pistol Sword
    (Actually both a pistol and sword combination!)
    2) Ancient Iron Key
    3) Curious Old Silver Locket
    Solid Oak, Hand-carved Sofa
    James I era (1567-1625 -- my most distant proven ancestor, John Denman, was born in 1591, reportedly in Retford); standing four feet high, twenty inches wide, and seven feet long; it contains two drawers tucked under the front of the seat.

    Hammered Iron Chest
    Found in the ruins of the Abbot's Palace (formerly belonging to the Franciscan Convent), at Scarbro'.  Made of hammered iron one-eighth of an inch thick, and bound with thin bars of the same metal, so as to divide it into compartments as represented in the drawing.  The key hole on the front is false, only for ornament; it (keyhole) has been richly (gold) gilt, as has the outward border or frame, in the style of French floliage; all the inner compartments have been painted with various motifs, chiefly landscapes:  the handles and bases are painted with native cinnabar; the cover... is almost covered with the lock, of curious workmanship, having five strong bolts, which when the cover is put down, lock themselves, and are opened by a key in the center of the lid, the keyhole of which, is hid with a sliding bar; the enrichment on the front of the lock is curiously chased and fitted up with white metal, not unlike silver, the inside of the chest is painted with native cinnabar or vermillion, as is also the support of the lid.  

    West Retford Church
    Reverend Francis Denman was a Rector here (1578-1595)  He may have been the grandfather or uncle of my ancestor (John Denman, born 1591, Retford, died 1623, location unknown).  John Denman was only thirty-two years old at time of death.
    "To a stranger, the village of West Retford appears to be part of the borough of East Retford, being only divided from the latter place by the river Idle -- but this is not the fact, as they are entirely distinct, not only in municipal government, but in every other respect."

    "...[East and West Retford, and Odesthorpe, were] the property or fee of Roger de Busli... a member of the great northern house of Montgomery, and with the Norman hero appears to have been a particular favourite [of the King of England]."

    The Manor of West Retford belonged to the Hercy family until Sir John Hercy, Knight, died without issue in 1570, leaving his estate to his eight surviving sisters, one of whom, the second sister, Anne Hercy, married Nicholas Denman, Esquire, of West Retford.  It was to her and her heirs that he left the manor house.  Nicholas Denman and Anne Hercy had Francis Denman, Esquire (also Reverend), who married Anne Blount.  Together they had two daughters, Anne Denman (future wife of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, the grandparents of Lady Anne Hyde) and Barbara Denman, wife of Edward Darrel, Esquire.  It was Barbara Denman and Edward Darrel who inherited the manor.  In 1665 their only surviving son, Edward Darrel, died, leaving the manor to charity (it became Holy Trinity Hospital at that time).
    The avowson (or, patronage) of the West Retford Church went along with the manor house and the Hercy, Denman, and Darrel families who owned it in succession, until it was sold to the Corporation of East Retford in 1668, following the death of Edward Darrel and the donation of the manor house to charity.
    The Manor at West Retford, originally owned by the Hercy family, and later by a branch of the Denman family from which Lady Anne Hyde descended... now, Holy Trinity Hospital.
    In 1558 the area was hit with the dreaded Black Plague, and hit hard again in 1664.  By 1612 it appears that none of my relatives save Edward Darrel owned any property in the region.  My ancestor, John Denman of Retford, born 1591, married Judith Stoughton, a minister's daughter from Sussex (or Suffolk? I have to double check that) County, England.  They had two children, John (born 1620) and Mary (born just eleven months later, in the same year: 1620).
    However, I still haven't figured out where in England, John and Mary were born.  I suppose it might be safe to assume that it was nearby their mother, Judith Stoughton's, family residence.  I also still have not figured out precisely, the elder John Denman's parentage.  The English civil wars didn't officially commence until around 1642 (after Judith had already become twice-widowed, and fled in 1635 from England to Boston, Massachussets, with her three young children).
    So, perhaps it was the Plague which had made record-keeping so spotty and difficult in those days; because there seems to be very little trace of their activities in England.  Besides, thirty-two is an extremely young age for anyone to die, even in olden times.  On the other hand, there were already intense power struggles between the Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, and Nonconformist Protestants.  So, England was not at all a peaceful country; and on top of all the other strife, the monarchy was waging its own class war against commoners.  People were being arrested and imprisoned for killing game for food, among other hardships.

    "The village of West Retford is pleasantly seated on the Great North Road, in the Hatfield division of the Hundred of Bassetlaw, and separated from East Retford by the river Idle.  A dash of rural beauty pervades a considerable portion of the village, and many of the houses bear the stamp of antiquity.  Nearly opposite to 'The decent church that tops the neighbouring hill' stands the rectory-house, which, though small, is neat, and very agreeably situated:  a shrubbery and garden add to its beauty, whilst the whole wears and appearance of cheerfulness and content."
    The River Idle, in Retford, a lovely clear stream.
    "The church at West Retford, which is dedicated to St. Michael, was originally a rectory of medieties, founded fearly in the thirteenth century, and the patronage shortly after became vested in the family of Hercys of Grove; notwithstanding which, there was an inquisition taken in 1267, about the right of patronage to the mediety of this church then vacant by the death of Robert de Bugethame, of Weston... and the competitors were Galfred de Sto Medardo, who presented Robert de Sunfield, Cl.; Henry, Rector of the Romans, who presented John de Dersel, Cl.; the Archbishop of York, who by reason of lapse collated John de Benyngworth; and Robert de Morteyn, who presented Roger de Redynge, Cl.; when the presentation of the Archbishop of York was deemed to be conclusive.  The following vacancy happened in 1276, when Prince Edward, by reason of the wardenship of the heir of Hugh de Hercy, presented Thomas Fitzsymon thereunto; afterwards the medieties were consolidated on the 13th of December, 1307."
    West Retford (St. Michael's) Church today.  The Tower and Steeple are the oldest parts of the structure.

    "The present edifice is small but ancient, standing upon an eminence nearly in the center of the village... Butler observes that 'churches dedicated to St. Michael are usually to be found on elevated spots, in allusion to this Saint's having been the highest of the heavenly host.'  St. Michael's mount in Cornwall, and that in Normandy, are confirmatory of this remark."

    "The tower and steeple are more ancient than the body [of the building], which is certainly not older than the sixteenth century:  the monumental inscriptions in the interior are few, and not of an old date; there are some floor stones of the fifteenth century; and three within the altar rails..."
    Barbara Denman and her husband, Edward Darrel, Knight, are commemorated with a monument stone inside this church, within the altar rails.

    Reverend Francis Denman, son of Nicholas Denman and Anne Hercy, Barbara Denman Darrel's father, and the great-grandfather of Lady Anne Hyde, was rector of the West Retford Church from 1578-1595.  His patron was Guilliemus Denman; and later, Reverend Francis Denman was Reverend Zacharius Jenkinson's patron.
    Spelled, "Guilielmus".
    It is an Old High German variant of "William"... very interesting.
    The author of this book seems to have overlooked the name, "William (Guilliemus) Denman", above, on the catalog of Rectors of West Retford, where he is listed as the Patron of Reverend Francis Denman.
    "The [Denman] family appears to be the most ancient in this neighbourhood, which has preserved its name through an uninterrupted succession of ages... so early as 1430, such mention is made of them in several ancient documents, as evidently indicates them to have been rich and highly respectable... I appears... that Nicholas Denman, Esquire of West Retford, married Anne, the sister of Sir John Hercy, to whom the estate at West Retford descended:  the issue of his marriage was one son, Francis, who resided at Old Hall, in West Retford, he afterwards married and had issue, two daughters, Anne and Barbara.  Anne married... Sir Thomas Ailesbury, Bart. Master of Requests, in the time of James the first.  They had one daughter [Frances], who was sole heiress, and [who] subsequently married Sir Edward Hyde, [who] afterwards [became the] Earl of Clarendon and Lord High Chancellor of England, from whom descended Lady Anne Hyde, who was married to his Royal Highness James, Duke of York, [who] afterwards [became King] James the Second, whose daughter, Queen Anne, in due course of time, swayed the British sceptre." 

    "Barbara [died 1653], the second daughter, married Edward Darrel [died 1626], Esquire of West Retford, by whom she had issue, Thomas Darrel, born June 13, 1607; Brian Darrel, born 1st May, 1610; Edward Darrel, born 3rd June, 1613; and Francis Darrel, born August 7th, 1616; all of whom died young, excepting Edward, the estate descended to him; he married and had issue, Thomas Darrel and John Darrel; at the death of Thomas, the whole of the property descended to [his brother] Dr. John Darrel, with which, under his Will, was founded and endowed the hospital at this place [Holy Trinity Hospital in West Retford, formerly the Herycy / Denman / Darrel Manor House].
    "About this period another branch of the family of the Denmans resided at Bevercotes, where they have ever since continued:  and another branch settled in Derbyshire, from whom has descended Thomas Denman, Esquire, the eminent Barrister.  It is, however, to be regretted, that the pedigree of the family cannot be made out so correctly as to preserve the line of descent uninterrupted.  This, however, does not in the least invalidate the correctness of the foregoing statement, nor tend to disprove the facts, but is merely the result of the defective state of the registers in the sixteenth century, and of negligence in not preserving the documents pertaining to the family.  The following pedigree of the Derbyshire branch is as correct as can be ascertained."
    Bevercotes is an extremely tiny village within the old Retford deanery.

    Country Parish ~ Retford Rural Deanery
    Nottingham History, from the University of Nottingham
    No mention of Bevercotes.
    It seems there must have been a coal-mine there, at some time in the past.
    Old Map of Nottinghamshire
    Retford is in the Northern District, called Bassetlaw
    Derbyshire is the County to the West of Nottinghamshire
    Bevercotes and of course, Retford, are listed here; but it seems Ordsall is no longer a recognized location.  It is interesting to note that this region is on the Greenwich Mean Time Zone.
    All of these Derbyshire Denman people lived shortly after my ancestor, John Denman (born 1620), left England in 1635.
    England's First Chief Magistrate (comparable to a U.S Attorney General), Lord Thomas Denman, a son of the Derbyshire branch of the family.
    Baron Denman of Dovedale, in Derbyshire.  The third Baron Denman of Dovedale became Prime Minister of Australia.
    Ordsall was another hamlet within the Retford deanery of Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire.  In 1037, it contained four manors, held by Osward, Turstaun, Oderic, and Thurstan...

    "After the [Norman] Conquest, [Ordsall, like East and West Retford, and surrounding vicinities] became the property of Roger de Busli, and was acknowledged to have soke [jurisdiction] to the king's manor of Dunham.
    Dunham is a parish of the East Retford district, Notts [Nottinghamshire].  Some say that the Denman name was derived from the name of that village, but I'm not sure.  Maybe the village was named for the family, instead.  That same source says that the Denmans were originally a Norman family called the Plochets (and various spellings of the same), who only later changed their name to first Denham, then Denman (and other spellings, including possibly Dunham).
    Other sources claim that the surname, Denman, means "Dane Man" in Middle English language, or "The Man" in Danish language.  Again, I would really like to know the whole truth of the matter.  Quite possibly, there could be elements of accuracy in all the above.
    One thing is for sure, our family surname does not mean, "Man who lives in a Den, Field, Wood, Livestock Pasture, or Valley".  I doubt that our forefathers were that 'common', judging from the American branch of the family tree.  Sure, my branch of the Denman family tree weren't Royalty or even Nobility (that I'm aware of, anyway) -- but, they were at least gentry.

    "In the year 1290, Robert de Bakere, of Retford, brought an action against Hugh de Hercy, Esquire of Grove, because he had prevented [de Bakere] from fishing in the Iddell [Idle River] of Ordsall; when the jury found that "all who hold lands abutting on that water, have a right to fish in it at their pleasure unto the threed [stream] of the water...
    "The village of Ordsall is situate[d] in the Hatfield division, of the hundred [District] of Bassetlaw, about a mile to the south-west of Retford, and half a mile from the line of the North Road.  The north-west approach to it may boast a consideralbe share of rural beauty; on this side, the church may be seen, slightly shaded by the trees and shrubs, from which, at a distance, it appears to rise.  The village itself, however, cannot be called pleasant, the houses being generally old and extremely irregular, and the road through it hollow, and in some cases dangerous; but the parish, which comprehends the hamlets of Thrumpton and Whitehouses, has been very considerably improved by the erection of several respectable houses, the gardens too, being pleasantly situated and tastefully laid out, giving a very pleasing appearance to the neighbourhood."

    "The rectory house is very spacious, and from its choice situation, is calculated to afford a comfortable residence for those appointed to minister to the spiritual wants of the parishioners.  Amongst others, may be mentioned the mansion of John Kippax, Esquire at the Elms, to the west of the North Road; this is pleasantly situated, and although the views cannot boast of being extensive, yet they are far from being devoid of interest..."

    "Whitehouses, which takes its name from two very ancient white cottages which time is rapidly devouring, is situate[d] on the North Road, one mile south of Retford, and contains besides an inn, two or three tolerably good houses...
    "This edifice [the Parish Church of Ordsall], in its exterior appearance, is neat and somewhat antiquated; the tower is considerably more modern than the body [of the building], but there are no records to my knowledge, at present in existence, to show the positive date of either.  It is quite certain, however, that it was founded about the middle of the thirteenth century.  At that period, the principal part of Ordsall was the property of the Hercys, of Grove, to whom the advowson [patronage] of this church belonged; in this family the patronage continued until the death of Sir John Hercy in 1570, when his immense property was divided amongst his eight surviving sisters, the Ordsall estate was given to Francis Mackworth, Esquire of Empingham, in Rutlandshire, who had married Ellen, the seventh sister, but the advowson became the property of George Neville, Esquire, who, at the same time came to the estate at Grove, by marrying Barbara, the fifth sister; afterwards the living came to Thomas Cornwallis, Esquire, who sold it to Lady Wortley, who finally settled it along with the ancient estate, on her eldest son; it was disposed of some years afterwards, but the patronage of the living is still vested in the descendants of that family."
    Remember, it was through the second Hercy sister, Anne, who had married Nicholas Denman, that the Denmans acquired the Manor of West Retford [now Holy Trinity Hospital]; so, since Hercy had eight sisters who divided his estate, he must have owned quite a lot of property in that region of England.
    (Nice photos of Retford; I would love to vacation there for maybe a couple of years, lol.)

    "In the ecclesiastical history of this place, two very remarkable instances of [religious] persecution occur, which are particularly deserving of notice; the first is the case of the Reverend William Denman, who, in the popish times of Queen Mary [I], appears to have sacrificed this living to his strong attachment to the protestant cause; afterwards, in the more tolerant reign of her successor, Queen Elizabeth [I], he was fully restored to his benefice, and died at a good old age, bequeathing to posterity an example of firmness and perseverance in the religion which he had embraced, well worthy of imitation."
    She reigned from 1553-1558, a short period which nicely narrows down the date of Reverend William Denman's (Rector of the Ordsall Parish Church) ordeal.  Essentially, he was unemployed during that time.

    "In the north aisle is an ancient mural monument, uncommonly beautified with whitewash; the upper part, which projects, is supported by pillars; in the center of the tablet is the figure of a man kneeling, having a desk and book open before him; round his neck the round ruff [collar] much worn in the time of Queen Elizabeth; there is no inscription whatever to show for whom it was erected."

    Filius Armigeri mihi mater militis haeres,
    Nomine sum Denman, arte magister eram.
    Pastorem Ordsalie Mariae regnante remotum
    Restituit princeps Elizabetha gregi.
    Continuo & feci caperet Retfordia fructus
    Progredier si qui Religione student.
    Pauperibus struxisse domos Ordsalia novit,
    Mole sub hac tandem mortuus ecce cubo.
    Mortuus!  ah fallor, vitam traduco beatus,
    Terra cadaver habet, spiritus astra colit.
    The son of a knight, with my mother esquire heir,
    My name is Denman, I was a master of arts.
    Pastor of Ordsall, removed during the reign of Queen Mary I
    And later restored to the flock by our leader, Queen Elizabeth I.
    Retford society enjoyed the fruit of my labors,
    And I advanced as a religious scholar.
    I built houses for the Ordsall poor,
    This mortal lying under this stone.
    He's dead!  Ah, I think rather a happier life leading;
    My earthly body is here, but my spirit soars with the stars.
    I heard somewhere, that the memorial was damaged by vandals, probably Catholics.  There was an awful lot of religious conflict in those days (as now).  Religion, when joined to the State, becomes too political; it's very unfortunate.
    All Hallows Anglican Church, in Ordsall... I believe this is the one where William Denman was pastor.

    Reverend William Denman was Rector of Ordsall 1550 until 1556, when Queen Mary I removed him from office; then again probably 1558-9 to his death in 1568, after being reinstated by Queen Elizabeth I.  Even so, that was not the end of striving between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England.  There was more yet to come.  My ancestor, John Denman, was supposedly born in Retford, in ca.1591 -- but, I still do not know precisely who his parents were.
    Anyway, the first time he was installed as Rector, his patron was John Hercy.  The second time, of course, was by the command of Queen Elizabeth I, who directly intervened.
    "It is a pity this interesting' monument [to Reverend William Denman] is lost.  Other members of the family desired to be buried in Ordsall Church [during Reverend Denman's tenure], according to the list in the Torre MSS. at York.

    "30 October, 1557. Richard Denman.
    "6 July, 1576. Ralph Denman of Thrumpton, near his uncle Richard.
    "3 December, 1583. Philippa Denman, widow, in the North Aisle near her husband.
    "12 May, 1582 [1552? typo?]. Thomas Denman in the Lady Quire, (or Chapel where the organ now stands).

    "The will of Thomas Denman was made on 12th August, 1546, and has been printed by the Surtees Society in vol. 106.  The following extract is of some interest:

    "'To be buried in the Lady Choir, there to remain until the general Resurrection.  To the Common Cheste Ordsall [charity]  10/- also to E. Retford, W. Retford, Moorgate, Babworth, Morton, Elkesley, Gamston, Eaton, Grove.

    "'To upholding of Long' Bridges in Ordsall, and to mending of highways there 6/8.

    "'To niece Nicholas Denman's wife a Red Mantle.  To cousin Ralf [Ralph] Denman, my best gowne.  To nephew Richard Denman, my gowne furred with lamb, and jerkin of Chamlet.  To Johann Burley, daughter of Elizabeth Burley a flecked cow.  To Gregory Dunston, my doublet of Say.  To Thomas Burley, when 21, my Kendall Jacket, doublet, shirt, pare of hose.

    "'To my God Children 4d. each.  To Elizabeth Witson my servant £3/6/8, a mattress, pair of hemp sheets, 2 yellow coverlets, one new, one old.
    "'To my Lady Hercy a gold ringe.

    "'To William Denman son of Nicholas Denman, and his heirs:  All lands in W. Retford on condition in Even of All Saints' there shall be given unto the Curate of Ordsall 3/4 each year for the poor, the distributor to be the Curate and four of the most honest men of the said parish.  In the presence of Sir Edmund Webster, Priest.
    "'Thomas Eyre, Nicholas Johnson, Roger Tonge, John Backhouse, Richard Chreye and others. Proved 15th May, 1552 [1582? typo?].'"

    Bassetlaw was a wellspring of Separatists from the Church of England (ie Pilgrims), who relocated to American colonies during the late 16th - early 17th centuries (ie around the same time that my Denman ancestor sailed over with his widowed mother, sister, and half-brother).

    Three Miles Northeast of Retford

    "In 1574, Thomas Denman and Thomas Dawes, claimed against Francis Denman, clerk, two messuages, &c. in Clarborough.

    "The land, generally speaking, is strong and useful, being well adapted either for grazing, or for agricultural purposes... The church was founded and endowed in 1258..."

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