OVER HILL TOWNS
- Great Tellico
- Little Telliquo
Bartram (Bartram's Travels in North America from 1773 to 1778, p311) listed the Cherokee towns again, twenty years later, as follows:
ON THE TANASE ~~ EAST OF THE JORE MOUNTAINS
INLAND ~~ ON THE BRANCHES OF THE TANASE
ON THE TANASE ~~ OVER THE JORE MOUNTAINS
INLAND TOWNS ~~ ON THE BRANCHES OF THE TANASE AND OTHER WATERS ~~ OVER THE JORE MOUNTAINS
OVERHILL TOWNS ~~ ON THE TANASE OR CHEROKEE RIVER
- Chote, great
- ___ ___ Big Island
LOWER TOWNS EAST OF THE MOUNTAINS ~~ ON THE SAVANNA OR KEOWE RIVER
LOWER TOWNS EAST OF THE MOUNTAINS ~~ ON TUGILO RIVER
LOWER TOWNS ~~ ON FLINT RIVER
TOWNS ~~ ON THE WATERS OF OTHER RIVERS
- Estotowe, great
- Nae oche
"Mouzon's map of 1771 gives the names of several Lower Cherokee towns not already mentioned. Among these may be enumerated, on the Tugalco River and its branches, Turruraw, Nayowee, Tetohe, Chagee, Tussee, Chicherohe, Echay, and Takwashnaw; on the Keowee, New Keowee and Quacoretche; and on the Seneca, Acounee.
"In subsequent years, through frequent and long continued conflicts with the ever advancing white settlements and the successive treaties whereby the Cherokees gradually yielded portions of their domain, the location and names of their towns were continually changing until the final removal of the [Cherokee] nation west of the Mississippi."
So it is quite obvious to me at least, that the Cherokee had a very highly complex system of civilization already in place, prior to 1492. And of all the North American native tribes, the Cherokee in my humble opinion were the least "savage".
Title page from the Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian.
An antique map of the Cherokee territories; notice how large an area was known as "Florida". "Apalche" is actually "Appalachee", in today's common spelling.
Cherokee people on the Dawes Roll with the surname "Bird".
While researching it, I found that a lot of "Hilburn"s were disqualified or otherwise excluded from the Roll... however, Maggie and Bertha A. are here.