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Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Cherokee Towns

A list of the old Cherokee villages or towns, by the Colony of South Carolina (1755):


OVER HILL  TOWNS

  • Great Tellico
  • Chatugee
  • Tennessee
  • Chote
  • Toqua
  • Sittiquo
  • Talassee

VALLEY  TOWNS

  • Euforsee
  • Conastee
  • Little Telliquo
  • Cotocanahut
  • Nayowee
  • Tomatly
  • Chewohe

MIDDLE  TOWNS

  • Joree
  • Watoge
  • Nuckasee

KEOWEE  TOWNS

  • Keowee
  • Tricentee
  • Echoee
  • Torsee
  • Cowee
  • Torsalla
  • Coweeshee
  • Elejoy

OUT  TOWNS

  • Tucharechee
  • Kittow
  • Conontoroy
  • Steecoy
  • Oustanale
  • Tuckasegee

LOWER  TOWNS

  • Tomasee
  • Oustestee
  • Cheowie
  • Estatoie
  • Tosawa
  • Keowee
  • Oustanalle


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Bartram (Bartram's Travels in North America from 1773 to 1778, p311) listed the Cherokee towns again, twenty years later, as follows:


ON THE TANASE ~~ EAST OF THE JORE MOUNTAINS

  • Echoe
  • Nucasse
  • Whatoga
  • Cowe

INLAND ~~ ON THE BRANCHES OF THE TANASE

  • Ticoloosa
  • Jore
  • Conisca
  • Nowe

ON THE TANASE ~~ OVER THE JORE MOUNTAINS

  • Tomothle
  • Noewe
  • Tellico
  • Clennuse
  • Ocunnolufte
  • Chewe
  • Quanuse
  • Tellowe

INLAND TOWNS ~~ ON THE BRANCHES OF THE TANASE AND OTHER WATERS ~~ OVER THE JORE MOUNTAINS

  • Tellico
  • Chatuga
  • Hiwasse
  • Chewase
  • Nuanha

OVERHILL TOWNS ~~ ON THE TANASE OR CHEROKEE RIVER

  • Tallase
  • Chelowe
  • Sette
  • Chote, great
  • Joco
  • Tahasse
  • Tamahle
  • Tuskege
  • ___ ___ Big Island
  • Nilaque
  • Niowe

LOWER TOWNS EAST OF THE MOUNTAINS ~~ ON THE SAVANNA OR KEOWE RIVER

  • Sinica
  • Keowe
  • Kulsage

LOWER TOWNS EAST OF THE MOUNTAINS ~~ ON TUGILO RIVER

  • Tugilo
  • Estotowe

LOWER TOWNS ~~ ON FLINT RIVER

  • Qualatche
  • Chote

TOWNS ~~ ON THE WATERS OF OTHER RIVERS

  • Estotowe, great
  • Allagae
  • Jore
  • Nae oche


http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88787#page/216/mode/1up
(p142-144)


"Mouzon's map of 1771 gives the names of several Lower Cherokee towns not already mentioned.  Among these may be enumerated, on the Tugalco River and its branches, Turruraw, Nayowee, Tetohe, Chagee, Tussee, Chicherohe, Echay, and Takwashnaw; on the Keowee, New Keowee and Quacoretche; and on the Seneca, Acounee.
 
"In subsequent years, through frequent and long continued conflicts with the ever advancing white settlements and the successive treaties whereby the Cherokees gradually yielded portions of their domain, the location and names of their towns were continually changing until the final removal of the [Cherokee] nation west of the Mississippi."
 
So it is quite obvious to me at least, that the Cherokee had a very highly complex system of civilization already in place, prior to 1492.  And of all the North American native tribes, the Cherokee in my humble opinion were the least "savage".

Title page from the Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian.
 
An antique map of the Cherokee territories; notice how large an area was known as "Florida".  "Apalche" is actually "Appalachee", in today's common spelling.
 
 
 
Cherokee people on the Dawes Roll with the surname "Bird".
While researching it, I found that a lot of "Hilburn"s were disqualified or otherwise excluded from the Roll... however, Maggie and Bertha A. are here.
 

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